The Tiger, also known as Panther Tigris, is the biggest cat in the world. Their Body can reach up to 3.35 meters (11ft) and their weight can be over 306kg (675 pound). As observations on animals showed us, Tigers are third largest animals on the land. Tigers can live from 20 to 26 years. The most recognizable sign of tigers is the dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.
You can meet 6 subspecies of tigers.
Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris Altaica)
Siberian tigers are not only the largest living tigers, but the world’s largest cats too. This subspecies of tiger is also known as Amur Tiger and they are found in Amur-Ussuri area of Primorsky and Khabarovsk edges in far eastern Siberia, in Russia. The average body length can reach 3.3 m (10.74 ft) with tail. The weight of male Siberian tiger can reach 306 kg, females can only reach 167 kg. The recognizable marks of Siberian tiger are thick coats, golden hue and fewer stripes. According to official sources today there are only 393 Siberian Tigers left. Scientists are observing Siberian tigers and they inferred that their population is stable. They were also discovered in China and North Korea. The best places for Siberian tigers are in northern forests where is a low human activity.
The Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris Sumatrae)
Sumatran tiger is the smallest living subspecies of tigers. They can only be found in the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Adult Sumatran male tiger averagely weights from 100 to 140 kg and the weight of the female is from 75 to 110 kg. Because of their small size, they are usually living in dense forests of Sumatra. Dense forests are the best areas for hunting on small preys. It’s known that there are from 400 to 500 Sumatran tigers into the wild. They are mostly seen in Sumatran island national parks. There is a huge risk that this subspecies can extinct. Statistics say that 66 Sumatran Tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000. This was about 15% of the total population. This subspecies of tiger is protected by law in Indonesia. But nowadays the poaching is still the biggest problem in Sumatra and rest of Asia.
The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris Tigris)
Bengal Tiger is also known as Indian Tiger. You can meet this subspecies of tiger in India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Latest observations, which were made in 2011, deduced that the total population of Bengal tigers is 1900 in India, 440 in Bangladesh, 155 in Nepal and 75 in Bhutan. Bengal tigers are known to be the most common subspecies of tigers. They usually choose wet areas for living. Bengal Tigers are the most commonly found in subtropical and tropical rain forests. Sometimes, some of them choose to live in scrub forests and mangroves. Male Bengal tigers can reach from 270 to 310 cm (110 to 120 in) in length and their weight is from 180 to 258kg (400 to 570 pounds) for males and up to 140 kg (300 pounds) for females. Perfect breeding time for Bengal tigers is spring. Female tigress can give a life to 2-4 baby tigers with one litter.
It is remarkable, that in 1900, total number of Bengal tigers was 40.000, but in 1972 there were only 1800 left. After the tigers protection program today there are over 2 500 Bengal tigers into the wild.
The Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris Corbett)
Indochinese tiger is also known as Corbett’s tiger. This subspecies of tiger is usually found in Cambodia, China, Laos, Burma, Thailand and Vietnam. Corbett’s tigers are smaller than Bengal tigers. The average weight of male tiger is from 150 to 195 kg (330 to 430 pounds) and females’ – 100 to 130 kg (220 to 285 pounds). The best living areas for Indochinese tiger is mountain and hilly disposed regions. The main prey for Indochinese tigers are medium and large sized animals like – Sambar Deer, wild boar and etc.
Nowadays the total number of Indochinese tigers is 350. Three quarters of Corbett’s tigers were killed in Vietnam, mainly for Chinese pharmacies. Poaching is a great risk for Indochinese tigers.
The Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris Jacksoni)
The Malayan tiger was found in Malaya Peninsula. This particular variety of tiger was not known as separate subspecies. This subspecies was discovered by Lou Et Al after the huge study in Laboratory of Genomic Diversity. This was the project of National Cancer Institute of the United States. According to the latest statistics, total number of Malayan Tiger is only 500 individuals. This subspecies of tiger is quite rare and they are under the big risk. Most of Malayan tigers were killed during the forest conversion and agricultural development. The average weight of male Malayan tiger is 130 kg, and females can reach only 100 kg. These tigers always choose human-isolated areas for living. Fields and steppes are the best areas for living and hunting. Here are most common areas which are chosen by Malayan tigers to live in, these are: Greater Taman Negara and Southern Forest Complex. Malayan tiger is a national animal of Malaysia and population is under government protection. The WWF-Malaysia makes project named ‘Tigers Alive’ and tries to defend Malayan tigers.
The South China Tiger (Panthera tigris Amoyensis)
South China tiger is ranked as one of the most endangered animal in the world. This subspecies of tiger is one of the smallest. South China tiger is also known as Amoy tiger or Xiamen tiger. The average Body length of Xiamen male tiger is from 230 to 265 cm (91 to 104 in.) and weights up to 175 kg (390 lbs), females are smaller, from 220 to 240 cm (87 to 94 in) in length and weight averagely 115 kg. It is interesting, that both males and females have the same body sizes besides the weight. Since 1977 the South China Tiger is protected with Chinese government law. As last observation showed us the total population of South China tigers is 59.